Courses Offered



Being an interdisciplinary subject, the board approved the following criteria for admissions into M.Phil in Area Studies-Karnataka Studies.

Candidates who have passed their post-graduate examination with at least 55 percent ( 50 per cent in the case of SC/ST/CAT-I Candidates) of marks or equivalent grade in the cognate subjects of Economics/ Political Science/ Journalism and mass communication/Social Work/ Sociology/ Development Studies from the University of Mysore or any other recognised University are eligible.

COMPULSORY PAPER: Research Methodology (5 Credits)

SOFT CORE PAPER I (Each 5 Credits)
Community Development
Development Communication

Political Economy of Karnataka
Society, Economy and Development
The candidate can choose on paper for each of the soft core papers.


The board approved the following pattern for evaluation.

I Semester
Total marks for each paper = 100 Marks

(C1) = 15 to be awarded based on Seminar = 10 Marks, Assignment = 5 Marks

(C2) = 15 Marks to be awarded based on Case Study

II Semester
Total Marks for Dissertation = 300

(C1) = 30 to be awarded based on a comprehensive review of literature on the selected topic

(C2) = 30 Marks to be awarded based on
Preparation of concept paper = 15 Marks and
Presentation of concept and analytical framework of the selected research work = 15 Marks


Research Methodology

I. Theory and Research - Need for theoretical base for research - Classification of research -Theoretical and Empirical research, Pure and Applied Research - exploratory research, Descriptive Action and Experimental research -Historical research - Multi-disciplinary Research -Policy Analysis - Review of literature and its importance - Identification of research problem

II. Meaning and importance of data - Sources of data - Primary and secondary data sources - Methods of data collection - Qualitative and quantitative methods - Construction of schedules and questionnaires for field studies

III. Need and importance of sampling in Social Science Research - Sampling techniques - Sample Design and choice of sampling techniques - Sample size - Sampling and non-sampling errors - Hypothesis Testing - Probability Distribution - Normal, t, and F distribution -Tests of Statistical Significance - Testing Correlation and regression coefficients, Chi-square test, t test, F test, Anova test.

IV. Processing of data - Editing - Classification and Coding - Transcription - Tabulation - calculation of Indices - Consolidation of Scales - Likert Scale Analysis - Correlation and Regression Analysis - Content Analysis - Graphical Representation

IV. Types of reports - Planning report writing - Research report format - Principles of writing report - Documentation: Footnotes and endnotes - Bibliography/references - Writing report.


1. Black, James, A and Dean J. Champion (1976). Methods and Issues in Social Research, Newyork: John Wiley and Sons.
2. Goode, William J and Paul K Hatt (1952) Methods in Social Research. Newyork: Megraw- Hill Books Co.
3. Kerlinger, Fred N. (1965) Foundation of Behavioural Research, New York, Holt, Renehart and Winston
4. Krishnaswamy, O.R. (2002) Research Methodology in Social Sciences. Himalaya Publishing House, Bombay.
5. Kurian, C.T (1984) Research Methodology in Economics Madras Institute of Development Studies, Madras.
6. Sharma B.A.V and other (1981) Research Methods in Social Sciences. New Delhi Sterling Publishers (P) Ltd.
7. Young, Pauline V (1977) Scientific Social Surveys and Research New Delhi; Prentice Hall of India
8. Sonia Taylor (2001) Business Statistics, Palgrave
9. Edward Minieka (2001) Statistics for Business with Computer Application, South-Western College Publishing, United States of America.
10. C.R. Kothari, Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, Wishwa Prakashan, New Delhi.

Community Development

I. Community Development in Karnataka: programmes and schemes of community Development. Urban community Development; The Existing urban development programmes in Karnataka, A critical review of urban development with reference to town planning, slum clearance and improvement, integrated Development of small and medium towns (IDSMT).

II. Problems and prospects of urban life: with reference to population density, noise, air, solid and liquid pollution. Policies and programmes for urban development with special reference to municipalities, corporations, metropolitan developmental authorities. Constitution 72rd amendment with reference to urban community development.

III. Rural development in Karnataka - Origin and background - early experiments. Approaches to rural development; Problems and prospects of rural life with reference to agriculture and allied actives like land and its use, animal husbandry housing, health and education. Rural backwardness- causes and the need for planned change. Rural poverty -causes, consequences, measurement .

IV. Five year plans and major rural development programs- Panchayat Raj Institutions Programs(MNERGP,SGSY). The role of NGO, CSR, co-operatives and rural banks, NABARD, District Rural Development Agency in rural karnataka development.

V. Problems of the tribal Communities - land alienation, poverty, indebtedness, low literacy, poor educational facilities, unemployment, underemployment, health and nutrition. Tribal welfare Meaning, concept, characteristics, problems of tribal community, change in tribal community, tribal development and its approaches, various existing schemes and programmes for the tribal welfare, legislative and constitutional provisions for the tribal. Programme planning and development. Role of N.G.O.s and CSR in tribal development.


1. Arora R. K. (Ed.) 1979 - People's Participation in Development Process: Essays in Honour of B. Mehta, Jaipur: the HCM State Institute of Public Administration.
2. Battern, T. R. 1962 - The Non-Directive Approach in Group and Community Work, London: Oxford University Press.
3. Brager, G. and - Community Organisation, New York: Specht, H. 1969 Columbia University Press.
4. Battern, T. R. 1965 The Human Factor in Community Work, London: Oxford University Press.
5. Dandavate, M. 1977 Marx and Gandhi, Bombay: Popular Prakashan Pvt. Ltd.
6. Dayal, R. 1960 Community Development Programme in India, Allahabad: KitabMahal Publishers.
7. Dunham, Arthur E. 1970 The Community Welfare Organisation, New York, Thomas Y. Crowell.
8. Gandhi, M. K. Sarvodaya (I'he Welfare of All), Ahmedabad: Navjivan Publishing House.
9. Gangrade, K. D. 1971 Community Organisation in India, Bombay, Popular Prakashan.
10. Henderson, Paul; Jones, The Boundaries of Change in Community - David and Thomas, Work, Boston, George Allen and Unwin. David N. 1980
11. Lal, A. K. 1977 Politics of Poverty: A Study of Bonded Labour. New Delhi: Chethana Publications.
12. Marulasiddaiah, H. M. 1987 Community: Area and Regional Development in India, Bangalore, Bangalore University.
13. Mayo H., Jones D. 1974 Community Work, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
14. McMiller, W. 1945 Community Organisation for Social Welfare, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
15. Murphy, C. G. 1954 Community Organisation Practice, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
16. Patnaik, U. and Chains of Servitude, Bondage and Dingwaney, M. 1985 Slavery in India. Madras: Sangam Books Pvt. Ltd
17. Polson and Sanderson. 1979 Rural Community Organisation, New York: John Wiley and Sons.
18. Ramchandra Raj, G. 1974 Functions and Dysfucntions of Social Conflict, Bombay: Popular Prakashan.
19. Ross Murray G. 1967 Community Organisation: Theory, Principles and Practice, New York: Harper and Row.
20. Siddiqui, H. Y. 1997 Working with Communities: An Introduction to Community Work, New Delhi: Hira Publications.
21. Shivappa R. 2009 STREAMS IN THE RIVER- A Journey Into Inclusive Concerns, DhatriPustaka, Bangalore
22. Sussman, M. B. 1959 Community Structure and Analysis, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co.

Development Communication

I. Definition- nature and concept of development - old and new paradigm of development - Indian concept of development - characteristics of developing societies; gap between developed and developing societies.

II. Development communication - definition, origin - development of the concept of development communication - role of media in development communication - strategies in development communication - case studies and experience.

III. Indian development efforts - five year plans - first generation economic reforms - second-generation economic reforms - development communication efforts and effects.

IV. Development communication planning strategies and action plans - decentralization, panchayat raj institutions and communication. Problems faced by governmental and non-governmental agencies in development communication - diffusion of innovation, models in agricultural communication - case studies of communication support to agriculture.

V. Writing development stories in areas like family welfare - health - education - environment and development. Writing development messages for rural audience; specific requirements for writing development stories for media like newspapers, magazines radio and television.


1. Communication for development in third world - Srinivas R. Melkata
2. India's information revolution - M. Rogers and Ana Aravind Singhlal.
3. Design and development message - Bella Modi.
4. Development commercial - Uma Navula.
5. Interdependent development - Naoold Brookfield.
6. Definition of innovations - Everest M Roger.
7. Folk media for development - N. Usha Rani.
8. Community Radio - M. Abdul Rehaman Pasha
9. The enghtenth elephant - Ishwar Daitota

Political Economy of Karnataka

I. Reorganization of state and transformative politics: Karnataka at the time of reorganization, regional imbalances, congress regimes to non-congress regimes, coalitionPolitics, political parties and transformative politics.

II. Reforms and public policy: Land reforms, reservation policy, industrial policy, New agricultural policy

III. Social groups, movements and Identity politics: Dalit, OBC,Farmers; tribals,/environmental groups and their effect on politics

IV. Major developmental debates in Karnataka: SEZs, Regional development ( Nanjundappa committee report), Veerappa committee report on administration, debate on decentralization, debate on e-governance

V. Trends in Economic Development of Karnataka - Regional differences - social Infrastructure - health - Education - Rural Development - Impact of WTO


1. Muzaffar Assadi, Politics of Peasant Movement Shirpa, New Delhi, 1997
2. Muzaffar Assadi, Karnatakadalli Identity Rajakiya, Muddushree, Bangalore, 2010
3. R.R.Diwakar, Karnataka through the Ages, Bangalore 1968
4. Ramnathan, Landmarks in Karnataka administration, 1998
5. Midatala Rani, Language Policy in Karnataka, Hemakoota, Hampi 2001
6. Harish Ramswamy, Karnataka Government and Politics,2007
7. Narendra Pani, Reforms to pre-empt change, 1983
8. White Paper on Karnataka's Industrial Policy,2006

Society, Economy and Development

I. Sociological Inquiry into Spatial inequality - Regional Disparities (This also includes the rural urban divide and also the intra Urban disparities like the study of slums) namely, Poverty, Place and Inequality; Health Inequality , Urban and Regional Analysis, The Sociology of Health and Illness; Educational Inequality; Gender.

II. A Sociological analysis of Social Policy and Governance- Local self Governance in Karnataka: A Pioneering State ; A Sociological understanding of Movements in Karnataka viz., Backward Class movement, Farmers Movement, Dalit Movement; A Sociological Enquiry into the Changing Technological Scenario in Karnataka: Implications on Family and Marriage.

III. Karnataka Economy; Demographic features of Karnataka - Social Structure - Development Planning in Karnataka - State Policy - Successive Plans - Allocations under successive plans - Trends in revenue - trends in tax revenue and non-tax revenue - sharing of Central taxes and grants-in-aid-trends in expenditure -

IV. Trends in Economic Development of Karnataka - Sectoral Contributions - Agricultural Development Composition and trends - land reforms- Industrial policy- trends in major, medium and small industries - rural industrialization- Infrastructure Development -Development of Karnataka Vis-a-Vis Southern states.

V. Regional Disparities in Karnataka Position and extent - causes and consequences - The concept of backward areas - criteria and identification- strategies to reduce imbalances- Nanjundappa Committee Report


1. Gopal Kadekodi, Ravi Kanbur, Vijayendra Rao. Governance and the 'Karnataka Model of Development' Economic and Political Weekly February 24, 2007
2. Karnataka Human Development Report 2005 of Planning Commission
3. Seminar papers of Development In Karnataka: A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective organized by Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore, India. Cornell University, Ithaca, USA.
4. Nagaraj H and Karlwad S L Agricultural Development in Karnataka- A Geographical analysis Can be accessed at
5. Rajasekhar D, Growing Rural Urban Disparity In Karnataka, Serial Publications
6. Madappa Madaiah, Ramanathapura Ramapriya, Karnataka Economy: Growth, Issues, and Lines of Development, Himalaya Publishing House, 1989.
7. T. K. Meti. The economy of Karnataka: An analysis of development and planning, Oxford & IBH Pub. Co., 1976.
8. K. Puttaswamaiah. Economic development of Karnataka: a treatise in continuity and change, Volume 1 and 2, Oxford & IBH, 1980.
9. Karnataka Development Report, Academic Foundation
10. R.S. Deshpade and Saroj Arora, Land Reforms in India (Vol.12): Agrarian Crisis and Farmer Suicides, Sage Publications, 2010.
11. D Rajasekhar, Gagan Bihari Sahu, K H Anantha, Growing Rural-Urban Disparity in Karnataka. Serial Publications, New Delhi, 2010.
12. Gopal K Kadekodi, Ravi Kanbur and Vijayendra Rao(Editors), Development in Karnataka: Challenges of Governance, Equity and Empowerment. Academic Foundation, 2008.
13. Dr. Nanjundappa Committee Report